Generic Imdur is an effective medication which helps in the treatment of angina attacks. Generic Imdur acts as nitrates.
Other names for this medication:
Also known as: Isosorbide Mononitrate.
Generic Imdur is a perfect remedy, which helps to treat angina attacks.
Generic Imdur acts as nitrates.
Imdur is also known as Isosorbide Mononitrate.
Generic name of Generic Imdur is Isosorbide Mononitrate.
Brand names of Generic Imdur are Imdur, ISMO, Monoket.
Take Generic Imdur tablets orally with or without food.
Do not crush or chew it.
Take Generic Imdur at the same time with water.
If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Imdur suddenly.
If you overdose Generic Imdur and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Generic Imdur are difficult or slow breathing, muscle cramps, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, high temperature, fainting, abnormal heartbeat, changes in vision, flushing, convulsions, severe throbbing migraine, lightheadedness.
Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.
The most common side effects associated with Imdur are:
Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.
Do not take Generic Imdur if you are allergic to Generic Imdur components.
Do not take Generic Imdur if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby.
Do not use potassium supplements or salt substitutes.
Be careful using Generic Imdur if you take dihydroergotamine (D.H.E. 45); or any other heart medicines, especially those used to treat high blood pressure or irregular heartbeats.
Be careful using Generic Imdur if you suffer from or have a history of congestive heart failure, have low blood pressure; a stroke, a transient ischemic attack (TIA, or mini-stroke), have anemia; have an allergy to nitrates; have closed-angle glaucoma; migraines, kidney disease; liver disease, heart attack, a serious head injury.
If you want to achieve most effective results without any side effects it is better to avoid alcohol.
Be very careful when you are driving machine.
Do not stop taking Generic Imdur suddenly.
imdur 40 mg
Our study suggests that CGRP may contribute to the response to IS-5 MN in a XOR-independent pathway.
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The influence of the preparation moniside (isosorbide-5-mononitrate on some functional, lipid and enzymic changes in a model of hyperproteinemia of rats was investigated. Studies were carried out on 45 male rats, divided into 3 groups: I group-control, nontreated; II group--control treated with cholesterol diet; III group--experimental treated with cholesterol diet and monoside in a dose of 20 mg/kg of body weight orally 6 days a week. The experiment continued 3 months. Changes in general state, body mass, static physical endurance, stability to electric current were described as well as the following lipid parameters: cholesterol (mmol/l), cholesterol in lipoproteins with high density (LHD), cholesterol in lipoproteins with low and very low density (LLD, LVLD), tryglycerols (Tr), free fatty acids (FFA). Changes in enzymic activity of aspartataminotransferase (ASAT), alaninamidotransferase (AlAt), hydroxybutiratdehydrogenase (HBDH) and creatinphosphokinase (CPK). Morphological examinations of heart, aorta, liver, kidneys and adrenal were made as well. The results from the experiments showed that in a model with hyperlipoproteinemia general state of experimental animals was impaired, body mass was reduced, physical endurance and stability to electric current reduced, while cholesterol and LVLD/were increased, AlAt increased mult many times, but HBDH and CPK diminished their activity. Functional possibilities of the organism increased at a slight degree under the influence of monoside. Lipid changes, established after cholesterol diet, did not change substantially, while deviations in enzymic activity were normalized.
The objective of this study was two-fold: 1. to determine the pharmacokinetic parameters and the bioavailability of two 20 mg isosorbide-5-mononitrate (CAS 16051-77-7, IS-5-MN) preparations (treatments A and B) after single oral administration and 2. to evaluate the absolute bioavailability of IS-5-MN, which was possible by the administration of a third IS-5-MN preparation (treatment C) by the intravenous route (1 mg/ml, dose 20 mg). The three preparations were examined in 24 healthy volunteers according to a randomized 3-way cross-over design, blood samples were withdrawn up to 24 h following the administration of IS-5-MN and plasma concentrations of IS-5-MN were quantified by a gas chromatography method. The two oral preparations led to peak concentration values of about 360 ng/ml of IS-5-MN in the mean 0.90 h (treatment A) and 0.97 h (treatment B) after drug administration. The corresponding values for the infusion were 339.6 ng/ml and 2.59 h in the mean. For the areas under the curve (AUC(0-infinity)) mean values of 2733 (treatment A). 2724 (treatment B) and 2877 h x ng/ml (treatment C) were found. The absolute bioavailability of both oral treatments revealed values of 95.00% and 94.74% for treatments A and B, respectively. The statistical comparison (ANOVA, confidence intervals) of the pharmacokinetic parameters showed bioequivalence between both oral preparations and equivalence in the amount of drug absorption between both oral formulations and the i.v.-infusion. The observed undesired side effects (e.g. headache or nausea) are well known to occur after IS-5-MN administration.
imdur dose equivalent
The mean SXscore was lower in the patients with NIH than in patients without NIH (7.3 ± 5.2 vs. 14.4 ± 8.5, respectively; p < 0.001). Additionally, patients with NIH had a lower rate of multivessel disease compared with those without NIH (the mean number of diseased vessels was 1.5 ± 0.7 and 2.0 ± 07, respectively; p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, increasing age (p = 0.02) and headache (p = 0.001) were found to be independent determinants of SXscore.
imdur 120 mg
To evaluate comprehensively the effects of 12 prophylaxis interventions for secondary prophylaxis of variceal bleeding using multiple-treatments meta-analysis.
imdur 60 mg
Thirty women with missed abortion were assigned after a random list to be treated either with 200 microg gemeprost (Cytotec, Pfizer, Germany) or with 40 mg isosorbide mononitrate for cervical priming at least 3 h before curettage. Vaginal bleeding or the intracervical presence of products of conception was documented. The largest number of Hegar's dilator, which could be introduced without difficulty and the largest number of Hegar's dilator at which cervical dilation was performed and the ease of mechanical dilation was assessed.
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The possibility of maintaining preload reduction and enhancement of exercise tolerance during an interval treatment with 100 mg/day of slow-release isosorbide-5-mononitrate (IS-5-MN) was investigated in 12 patients (aged 57 +/- 5.0 years) with angiographically confirmed coronary artery disease and chronic stable angina pectoris. The effects of a single dose (acute test) were compared with those following an 8-day (chronic) regimen of mononitrate administration. Two hours after administration of 100 mg sustained-release IS-5-MN, mean resting pulmonary artery pressure (PAP), measured with a Swan-Ganz catheter, was reduced by 32% (p less than 0.001) and at submaximal exercise level (50 W, 3 min) by 37% (p less than 0.001). At individually highest comparable work loads mean PAP was reduced by 37% (p less than 0.001), and at maximal work load the PAP reduction was 14% (p less than 0.05). At the end of 1 week of therapy with sustained-release IS-5-MN a slight, clinically irrelevant reduction of hemodynamic effect was recorded. Work capacity increased after 1 h by 79% (264 +/- 154 vs. 472 +/- 180 W x min, p less than 0.01), still significantly above base-line 10 h after nitrate administration. No difference from baseline was demonstrable 24 h after medication. During interval therapy the improved work capacity was fully maintained (chronic, 1 h: 280 +/- 119 vs. 532 +/- 160 W x min, p less than 0.001). There was no significant difference between the plasma IS-5-MN levels at acute and chronic therapy.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
imdur 180 mg
Forty-four patients with stable effort angina pectoris were included in a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, parallel group study to compare the effect of two slow-release forms of isosorbide-5-mononitrate ('Ismo-Retard' 40 mg and 'Imdur' 60 mg) on exercise capacity when given as an adjunctive treatment to beta adrenoreceptor blocking therapy. In a symptom-limited exercise test performed three hours after the first dose, Ismo-retard increased the total duration of exercise by 92 seconds (confidence interval (CI) 5.1-116.9) p less than 0.006, and the time of onset to anginal pain by 117 seconds (CI 27.8, 156.1) p less than 0.004. A similar improvement in total duration of exercise (by 87 seconds) was noted three hours following 15 consecutive once-daily doses (CI 16.8-128) p less than 0.02, and in the time of onset to anginal pain by 101 seconds (CI 19.8-139.6) p less than 0.01. For Imdur the corresponding results were 53 seconds (CI 12.7-56.3), 84 seconds (CI 15.4-103.7), p less than .02, 54 seconds (CI 1.4-78.4) and 85 seconds (CI 6.9-120.5) respectively. These results would suggest that both active treatments were effective anti-anginal agents.
imdur medication uses
Isosorbide 5-mononitrate (5MI) is a preferential venous dilator that has been shown to decrease portal pressure in acute and long-term haemodynamic studies, and this is not associated with adverse effects on hepatic perfusion. The aim of this trial was to investigate the efficacy and safety of 5MI in the prevention of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in cirrhotic patients. Forty two cirrhotic patients with F2 or F3 esophageal varices showing "red signs" and who had never bled were included and randomly y assigned to receive either 5MI (group I,n23) or placebo (group P,n19). Patients with hepatocarcinomas or complications potentially lethal in the short-term or who were being given drugs such as steroids or interferon were excluded. The end points of the study were bleeding and death. There were no significant differences between the groups in the basal clinical and laboratory data. The mean +/- SD follow-up time was 49 +/- 36 and 43 +/- 25 weeks in the groups I and P, respectively. The percentage of patients free of bleeding 61 weeks after inclusion in the study was 62.4% in the group I and 46.3% in the group P (NS). The percentage of patients surviving 85 weeks after inclusion in the study was 81.2% in the group I and 39.8% in the group P (NS). Treatment did not have to be stopped in any patient of both groups because of side effects. In conclusion, 5MI is a safe drug for the chronic management of portal hypertension, that showed a trend to reduce the risk of bleeding and death in cirrhosis with large esophageal varices.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
imdur 30 tab
Women scheduled for surgical termination of first trimester pregnancy were randomized to 1 of 3 groups: isosorbide 5-mononitrate 40 mg 4 hours or 10 hours before the operation or no preoperative treatment. Cervical specimens were obtained for the analysis of tissue levels of cyclic guanosine monophosphate, cyclic adenosine monophosphate, cyclo-oxygenase 1, cyclo-oxygenase 2, prostaglandin F(2 alpha), and prostaglandin E(2) or were fixed in glutaraldehyde for microscopy.
imdur oral medication
Five patients were treated with isosorbide-5-mononitrate (IS5MN) 20 bid (8.00 am and 3.00 pm) for 1 week (Group 1) and 5 patients with IS5MN 40 bid (8.00 am and 8.00 pm) for 1 week (Group 2). Tolerance was identified as the decreased effect of SLN; the effects of nitrates were evaluated in relation to: reduction in left ventricle area (delta LVA), which had been measured using equilibrium radionuclide ventriculograms in LAO 45 degrees; this area was considered as an index of the venous return effects; increase in RPPI (delta RPPI), which had been assessed by ergometric test; RPPI was considered an index of coronary flow reserve. Measurements of LVA and RPPI were made in wash-out at the start of the study (delta LVA 1 and delta RPPI 1) and after 1 week of treatment (delta LVA 2 and delta RPPI 2). The mean values of the differences were then evaluated and compared using Student's "t" test.
imdur normal dose
Variceal bleeding is a severe complication of portal hypertension. Somatostatin reduces portal pressure by decreasing splanchnic blood flow, and nitrates by diminishing intrahepatic resistance. Experimental studies have shown that the combination of somatostatin and nitrates has an additive effect in decreasing portal pressure.
imdur dose conversion
A total of 19 healthy volunteers were randomized in a double-blind fashion to therapy with IS-5-MN (120 mg once daily) or placebo. After 7 days of treatment, forearm blood flow responses to acetylcholine (Ach; 7.5, 15, and 30 microg/min) and N-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA; 1, 2, and 4 mumol/min) were measured. In a separate study, after 7 days of therapy with IS-5-MN 120 mg once daily, the responses to Ach were assessed during intra-arterial coinfusion of vitamin C (24 mg/min) or saline.
imdur missed dose
Twenty-one patients received oral propranolol at increasing doses until their resting heart rate was reduced by 25%, and 21 patients received oral propranolol (on the same schedule) plus oral Is-5-Mn, 40 mg twice a day.
imdur maximum dosage
In order to assess the development of tolerance we analyzed in a placebo-controlled study the effect of monotherapy with isosorbide-5-mononitrate (IS-5-MN) 60 mg in a controlled release formulation (Durules) once-a-day. The IS-5-MN was evaluated after the first dose and after once-a-day therapy for three days in 11 ambulatory patients (10 males, 1 female, aged 54 +/- 9 years) with stable exercise-induced silent myocardial ischaemia and significant coronary stenoses. The drug was given at 8 o'clock in the morning, and a bicycle ergometer exercise test was performed after 4 hours. The ST segment depression was evaluated by a computer-assisted system. Standing blood pressure decreased during all three periods of active treatment with IS-5-MN, (in comparison with placebo p < 0.001 and p < 0.01, p < 0.01 respectively). Heart rate did not change significantly. Compared with placebo baseline values, ischaemic threshold increased during the first day of treatment (188 sec, p < 0.0001 at 4 hours), and to a lesser extent both in second (103 sec, p < 0.003) and third day (116 sec, p < 0.003). The total exercise time increased during all three days of active therapy but significantly so only during the first day. The exercise stress test performed in the 5th day during placebo demonstrated a high reproducibility of ischaemic-threshold (235 vs 241 sec, p: ns), implying that the improvement during the active treatment with IS-5-MN was not due to a "training effect". Headache in 2 patients was the only significant side-effect.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
imdur drug class
The purpose of the present work was to investigate the ex vivo platelet-inhibiting properties of the nitric oxide-containing vasodilator, molsidomine, and the organic nitrate, isosorbide-5-mononitrate, in comparison with placebo. Ex vivo platelet aggregation in 11 healthy volunteers was measured before, as well as 30 and 60 min after, the intake of either 4 mg molsidomine, 20 mg isosorbide-5-mononitrate (ISMN) or placebo in a randomized double-blind fashion. The release of thromboxane was also determined. Threshold doses of platelet-activating factor (PAF) to induce irreversible aggregation were significantly increased by 100 and 120% 30 and 60 min after molsidomine. Slopes of aggregation curves (aggregation induced with 50 and 200 nM PAF) were significantly reduced after molsidomine (P less than 0.01). Small platelet-inhibiting effects were also observed after ISMN and after placebo intake. The release of thromboxane was not influenced when platelets were maximally stimulated either during clotting of whole blood or during aggregation of platelet-rich plasma with a high dose of PAF. Thromboxane release with a low dose of PAF was reduced 30 and 60 min after drug intake, independent of whether molsidomine, ISMN or placebo was applied. The data indicate that the usual clinical doses of molsidomine, but not of ISMN inhibit platelet aggregation in healthy man.
imdur 60mg tablets
The influence of isosorbide mononitrate on skin blood flow in the pulp of finger by means of laser-Doppler flowmetry was evaluated in 19 women with Raynaud's syndrome. Skin blood flow changes were measured after cooling the hand. Isosorbide mononitrate decreased the influence of cooling on skin blood flow in the pulp of finger. This finding supports the theory that endothelial dysfunction is one of the reasons of Raynaud's syndrome. We suppose that application of isosorbide mononitrate should be useful in prevention and the treatment of Raynaud's phenomenon attacks.
imdur 100 mg
Asymmetric dosage regimens of isosorbide mononitrate provide better antianginal efficacy and quality of life in patients with stable angina pectoris than the daily administration of multiple small doses of the compound. It is not known whether certain patient characteristics contribute to this improved benefit.
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The new calcium sensitiser levosimendan also possesses vasodilatory effects due to potassium-channel opening. The aim of the present study was to assess the possible haemodynamic interactions between levosimendan and isosorbide-5-mononitrate in young healthy men.
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Fifteen patients with coronary artery disease and stable angina pectoris were included in a double-blind, randomized, cross-over study. The patients received 25, 50 and 100 mg isosorbide-5-mononitrate, as well as a placebo, for subsequent one week periods. On the 7th day of each treatment period, 8 h after medication, an exercise test was performed. A highly significant (p less than 0.001) and dose-dependent reduction of the sum of the ST-segment depression was observed at similar work loads: 28.6%, 46% and 63.5% decreases occurred with the 25, 50 and 100 mg isosorbide-5-mononitrate doses, respectively. Compared to placebo, the frequency of anginal attacks and the consumption of nitroglycerin also decreased highly significantly (p less than 0.001) with all three doses. Isosorbide-5-mononitrate plasma levels (8 h post-application) increased linearly with the dose; amounting to 228 +/- 53, 485 +/- 93 and 991 +/- 177 ng/ml at the 25, 50 and 100 mg doses of the sustained-release medication forms, respectively.
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Compare propranolol vs. propranolol and 5MNI as preventive treatment of HTP-H, evaluating splachnic hemodynamics by color Doppler ultrasound (EDC).
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The risk of having a first cirrhosis-associated variceal bleed is lowered by about 50% by beta-blockers. Use of beta-blockers is currently recommended for patients with cirrhosis and oesophageal varices that are at risk of bleeding. We aimed to test the effectiveness of isosorbide mononitrate as an adjunct to the beta-blocker nadolol in the prophylaxis of first variceal bleeding in these patients.
Patients with severe angina pectoris benefit better from nitrate therapy than do patients with New York Heart Association class I - II. Also, patients with coronary artery disease and concomitant diabetes mellitus or cholesterolemia may benefit better from nitric oxide donor therapy than patients without such condition. In contrast, patients with concomitant obesity, hypertension, or who are smokers may show less benefit.
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Plasma drug and metabolite concentrations were measured after single oral doses of 40 mg sustained-release 14C-isosorbide dinitrate to humans. The bioavailability of isosorbide dinitrate from this sustained-release formulation was about 90% of that from a standard formulation. The pharmacokinetics of isosorbide-5-mononitrate were studied in humans after intravenous infusion (8 mg/h) and oral doses of 20 mg. The systemic availability of the drug after oral doses was 93%, its systemic clearance was 127 ml/min, its volume of distribution was 48.5 liters and its half-life was 4.4 h.
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Adding EBL to pharmacological treatment did not reduce recurrent bleeding, the need for rescue therapy, or mortality, and was associated with more adverse events. Furthermore, associating EBL to drug therapy did not reduce the high rebleeding risk of HVPG non-responders. ISRCTN26221020.
imdur 10 mg
Twelve patients with stable angina and reproducible depression of the ST-segment during bicycle exercise of at least 0.15 mV were assessed in a double-blind randomized cross-over study. Patients were treated either with 50 mg isosorbide-5-mononitrate (IS-5-MN) daily or 2 X 20 mg nifedipine retard daily or the combination of both drugs for 2 weeks. The sum of ST-segment depression at maximal exercise was reduced by nifedipine and IS-5-MN to the same amount, while ST-segment reduction was highest during treatment with the combination of both drugs. The best exercise duration and maximal working capacity were also recorded during combination treatment. However, patient appreciation concerning efficacy and side-effects was best with nifedipine, slightly worse with IS-5-MN, and only one patient judged the combination of both drugs as good.
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The mean sizes of dilators that could be negotiated without any resistance was 5.9 ± 1.33 in group I and 8.6 ± 0.94 in group II (p < 0.001, 95% CI 0.58, 0.41). The mean dilator sizes at which resistance was first encountered was 6.9 ± 1.37 in group I and 9.9 ± 1.23 in group II (p < 0.001, 95% CI 0.60, 0.54). The mean blood loss was 61.5 ± 13.86 ml in group I and 36.25 ± 12.80 ml in group II (p < 0.001, 95% CI 6.07, 5.63). Headache was the most common adverse effect seen with IMN use.
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