Generic Uroxatral is used for treating symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in men with an enlarged prostate. It may also be used for certain conditions.
Other names for this medication:
Also known as: Alfuzosin.
Generic Uroxatral is an alpha-blocker. It works by blocking receptors in the lower urinary tract, causing smooth muscles in the bladder neck and prostate to relax. This relaxation improves urine flow and reduces the symptoms of BPH.
Generic name of Generic Uroxatral is Alfuzosin.
Brand name of Generic Uroxatral is Uroxatral.
Take Generic Uroxatral by mouth with food. Take with meal every day.
Swallow Generic Uroxatral whole. Do not break, crush, or chew before swallowing.
Take Generic Uroxatral on a regular schedule to get the most benefit from it.
If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Uroxatral suddenly.
If you overdose Generic Uroxatral and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.
Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.
The most common side effects associated with Uroxatral are:
Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you are allergic to Generic Uroxatral components.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother. Generic Uroxatral can harm your baby.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you have moderate to severe liver disease.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you are taking an alpha-blocker (e.g., prazosin), an azole antifungal (e.g., ketoconazole), or an HIV protease inhibitor (eg, ritonavir).
Sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning.
Avoid situations in which injury could occur due to fainting.
Keep Generic Uroxatral away from children and don't give it to other people for using.
Do not stop taking Generic Uroxatral suddenly.
General Practice Research Database.
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To critically review the physiological roles of phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5), to explain and support the putative impact and clinical significance of PDE5 inhibitors (PDE5-Is) in the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and erectile dysfunction (ED), both highly prevalent in men aged > or =50 years, as PDE5-Is are very effective as a first-line therapy for ED, and attractive for further physiological functional investigations.
The prevalence of ejaculatory dysfunction has been estimated to be 82.6% in patients with BPH/LUTS treated with alpha-blockers. Although usually mild, the dysfunction is considered as bothersome by a high percentage of those who suffer it. Advanced age is the most influential factor in the severity of both ejaculatory abnormalities and prostate symptoms. Moreover, a solid correlation between these two parameters has been established. Finally, among the analyzed alpha-blockers, alfuzosin has been associated with the best sexual function.
Mean trough blood levels were 6.0+/-4.6 ng/ml and 5.8+/-3.7 ng/ml on day 3 and day 4, respectively, indicating a stable alfuzosin concentration. The mean prostate concentration on day 4 was 12.3+/-5.6 ng/g. Alfuzosin prostate and blood concentrations at 12 hours post dosing on day 4 were significantly correlated (r=0.804, p=0.0016); the prostate-blood ratio was 2.4+/-0.7.
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Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and male sexual dysfunction are highly prevalent in ageing men, and are strongly linked. Various treatment strategies for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)/LUTS may affect sexuality, with differences between drug classes and between drugs within a same class. The 5alpha-reductase inhibitors, finasteride and dutasteride, are associated with a greater risk of erectile dysfunction (ED), ejaculatory dysfunction (EjD) and decreased libido than is placebo. Alpha1-adrenoceptor blockers (alfuzosin, doxazosin, tamsulosin, terazosin) show an incidence of decreased libido and ED closely similar to placebo, but differ in their impact on ejaculation, tamsulosin being associated with a higher incidence of EjD (10%) than other alpha1-adrenoceptor blockers (0-1%) and placebo (1%), which is unrelated to retrograde ejaculation or higher efficacy. A randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over study conducted in healthy volunteers showed that tamsulosin 0.8 mg once daily markedly decreased mean ejaculate volume in almost 90% of subjects, with 35% having no ejaculation. By contrast, there was no lack of ejaculation in subjects receiving alfuzosin 10 mg once daily or placebo. Sperm concentrations in urine after ejaculation were similar for the three treatment groups, confirming that the EjD with tamsulosin was unrelated to retrograde ejaculation. It may be related to a peripheral effect on seminal vesicles and/or the vas deferens. A central effect is also plausible, as tamsulosin shows a strong affinity for 5HT1A- and D2-like receptors, both of which are involved in the central command of ejaculation. In conclusion, because treatment options for managing BPH have different effects on sexuality, the sexual dimension should be considered when assessing patients' expectations and the choice of treatment.
Our results demonstrated that TUR-P decreased both prostatic and bladder RIs, while α-blocker therapy did not change bladder RI in the early posttreatment period in LUTS/BPH patients.
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Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common condition of the aging male. The bladder outlet obstruction caused by this condition occurs despite variations in prostate size. Symptoms of BPH include the irritative and obstructive voiding symptoms termed lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). While transurethral surgery has long been the gold standard for treatment of LUTS, medical treatment has emerged as the first line of treatment for those men who fail expectant or watchful waiting treatment. Medical options include: alpha blockers, 5alpha-reductase inhibitors and newly identified PDE 5 inhibitors, drugs for erectile dysfunction that have a relieving effect on the symptoms of LUTS. Newer prostate selective alpha blockers have replaced older nonselective agents as first choice in treatment of most men, especially those with smaller prostates and in whom preservation of sexual function is important. While tamsulosin has the effect of an ejaculation, alfuzosin preserves ejaculatory function. 5alpha-reductase inhibitors may decrease ejaculate volume, libido and sexual function. While this effect is frequently a self limited, it can be a compliance issue for many men. PDE 5 inhibitors, while effective in relieving LUTS symptoms, have not shown effectiveness in reducing post void residual volumes or increasing urinary flow rates.
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Methodological differences exist in the evaluation of Valsalva's Maneuver. Linear and nonlinear mathematical models were described for beat-to-beat changes in blood pressure and R-R intervals occurring during the strain and release phases of Valsalva's Maneuver. This study indicated that the strain phase is linear, whereas the release phase is nonlinear; the release phase consists of a "lag phase," a "breakpoint," and an "overshoot phase." The alpha-adrenoceptor antagonist, alfuzosin, reduced baroreflex-mediated tachycardia during the strain phase and prolonged the "time lag" and "pressure lag" during the release phase; the latter change was due entirely to the reduced systolic pressure that occurred with alfuzosin at the end of the strain phase.
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To evaluate hyoscine N-butyl bromide (HBB) and three different alpha-1 blockers in the treatment of distal ureteral stones.
Of the 2618 men analysed, 1875 (71.6%) had spontaneous AUR (sAUR) and 743 (28.4%) had precipitated AUR (pAUR), mainly after surgery with locoregional or general anaesthesia. BPH was revealed by AUR in 52.3% of men with pAUR and 25.9% of men with sAUR. A urethral catheter was inserted in most cases (82.7%) while only 16.7% had a suprapubic catheter. After initial catheterization, 72.8% of men had a TWOC (pAUR 89.4%, sAUR 66.2%, P < 0.001) after a median of 3 days of catheterization, 17.9% had elective surgery after a median of 8 days of catheterization (pAUR 7.1%, sAUR 22.1%, P < 0.001), 5.7% had immediate surgery after a median of 4 days of catheterization (pAUR 1.1%, sAUR 7.5%, P < 0.001), 0.4% had a urethral stent inserted and 1.1% had an indwelling catheter. Of the 1906 men who had a TWOC, 79% received an alpha(1)-blocker (mainly alfuzosin) before catheter removal. The TWOC was successful in 50.2% of men (pAUR 52.3%, sAUR, 49.0%, P = 0.17) and the success rate was significantly higher in men receiving an alpha(1)-blocker (53.0% vs 39.6%, P < 0.001) before the TWOC. If the TWOC failed, 33.4% had a second TWOC (pAUR 39.9%, sAUR 30.2%, P = 0.003) after a median of 7 days re-catheterization, 57.5% had elective surgery (pAUR 49.1%, sAUR, 61.7%, P < 0.001) after a median of 8 days re-catheterization, 1.5% had a stent inserted and 1.1% had an indwelling catheter. The overall success rate of a second TWOC was 25.9% (pAUR 32.2%, sAUR 21.9%, P = 0.04). Men catheterized for >3 days had a slightly lower success rate for TWOC, greater comorbidity and double the rate of prolonged hospitalization due to adverse events than those catheterized for < or = 3 days.
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The mean urinary symptom index was 22.1 in group 1, 22.1 in group 2, and 28.1 in the placebo group (p = 0.032). The mean pain scores were 8.2, 11.7, and 16.2, respectively (p = 0.020). There were no significant differences in urinary symptoms and pain between the alfuzosin and tolterodine ER groups. In addition, there was no significant difference in the general health, work performance, and sexual performance scores among the groups.
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Urine density in the UPT group was lower with respect to UPO group and blood electrolytes were preserved as close to normal (p < 0.05). In the UPT group, urine TGF-β1 and blood TGF-β1, blood β2 microglobulin levels and histopathologic damage scores were lower compared to the UPO group (p < 0.05).
A total of 272 eligible participants underwent randomization, and in both study groups, 49.3% of participants had a decrease of at least 4 points in their total NIH-CPSI score (rate difference associated with alfuzosin, 0.1%; 95% confidence interval, -11.2 to 11.0; P=0.99). In addition, a global response assessment showed similar response rates at 12 weeks: 33.6% in the placebo group and 34.8% in the alfuzosin group (P=0.90). The rates of adverse events in the two groups were also similar.
We used a double blind, placebo-controlled trial in which 249 patients with postoperative urinary retention were randomly assigned to receive carbachol/diazepam (n = 72), alfusozine (n = 82), or placebo (n = 95). The primary endpoint was miction within 2 hours after taking the medication.
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All 14 enrolled volunteers completed the study. No significant difference in either SBP, DBP, or HR was observed between the placebo and alfuzosin groups at baseline. Alfuzosin did not affect SBP, DBP, or HR. No hypotensive episode (SBP reduction >10%) was recorded during each treatment.
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To evaluate risk factors (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and current tamsulosin, alfuzosin, terazosin, or doxazosin use) for intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (IFIS) in patients undergoing phacoemulsification cataract surgery.
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To assess differences in pupil diameter between men taking systemic α(1)-adrenoreceptor antagonists and controls.
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The standard gold care medications for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are the alpha-1-adrenergic antagonists, they are an effective medications and are generally well tolerated. However, at this time, no data have been published concerning the development of severe rhinorrhea with a great impact on quality of life in patients treated with alpha-1-adrenergic antagonists. We report two men with BPH treated with two different alpha-adrenergic antagonists; alfuzosin and doxazocin. The naranjo quality scale documented a probable adverse drug reaction (score 7) between rhinorrhea and treatment with alpha-1-adrenergic antagonists. In conclusion we reported that alpha-1-adrenergic antagonists are able to induce rhinorrhea in patients with BPH.
3,095 patients with symptomatic BPH were enrolled into a national, multicentric, open, phase IV observational study. The period of active treatment studied (5 mg, twice daily) was 60 days. Safety was assessed by monitoring blood pressure and spontaneous adverse events. Symptoms were assessed using a validated Spanish International Prostate Symptom Score (I-PSS). Impact of symptoms on health-related quality of life was assessed using the quality of life index (L).
Under urethane anaesthesia, adult male rats were implanted with a cannula into the lateral cerebral ventricle for intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection, and with recording electrodes in the BS for electromyogram (EMG) monitoring. Tamsulosin (1 microg/kg) and alfusozin (10 microg/kg) were injected i.v. and 15 min later 8-OH-DPAT (20 microg) was delivered i.c.v. BS-EMG recording was continued for 30 min after i.c.v. 8-OH-DPAT. The area under the curve (AUC) of the BS cluster of contractions was determined as reflecting the energy of BS contractions.
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