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Vasaka is a unique herb that helps support the bronchial function with broncho-dilatory, expectorant and mucolytic properties. It normalizes lung function. Vasaka contains Vasicine and Vasicinone that liquefy sputum in tenacious cough and helps avert frequent attacks of cough.

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Vasaka is a modern herb preparation which is taken in treatment of productive cough, bronchitis and bronchial asthma. Vasicine and Vasicinone are 2 major active compound found in Vasaka, which possess bronchodilatory activity and inhibit allergen – induced bronchial obstruction.

Vasaka exhibits antitussive activity, which may be due to the action of vasicinone and vasicinol, which have activity in the cerebral medulla by active as codeine.

Vasaka contains the pyrroquinazoline alkaloids, including vasicine, vasicol and vasinone along with other minor constituents. Vasicine and vasinone are the major bioactive constituents of Vasaka which have bronchodilatory and antitussive properties. The alkaloids present in the plant show significant protection against allergen-induced bronchial obstruction.

Vasaka's main ingredient is: Extract of Malabar Nut.


Vasaka is available in capsules which are taken by mouth.

It is recommended to take 1 Vasaka capsule twice a day after meals.


If you overdose Vasaka and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.


Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Keep this medicine in the original bottle. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Vasaka are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Vasaka if you are allergic to Vasaka components.

Do not use Vasaka if you are pregnant or breast-feeding.

Do not use Vasaka in children below 14 years old.

Tulsi has a very high safety margin with exceptionally low toxicity, providing general beneficial effects without adverse reactions or other undesirable side effects.

Always give your health care provider a list of all the medicines, herbs, non-prescription drugs, or dietary supplements you use.

vasaka syrup

Elenoside is a cytotoxic arylnapthalene lignan (NSC 644013-W/1) derived from Justicia hyssopifolia (Family: Acanthaceae). The neuropharmacological activity of this lignan, a beta-D-glucoside was studied. The LD50 (24 h) of elenoside in mice is 305 +/- 7 mg/kg by i.p. route. In the present study elenoside was given to rats at doses of 25 and 50 mg/kg, and its effects on locomotor activity (Varimex test), muscular relaxant activity, open-field test and with chlorpromazine, 10 mg/kg was compared. On Varimex test, spontaneous activity was reduced. Elenoside produced a reduction in the permanence time on muscular relaxant activity (traction test). On open-field test, ambulation and rearing were reduced compared with the control group and an increase in boluses of dose-dependent rate was obtained. Thus it can be concluded that elenoside has central sedative effects and possible application in anxiety conditions.

vasaka syrup ip

We have observed, in several studies, high rates of psychiatric disorders and traumatic childhood experiences in people who are deprived of their freedom in prison institutions. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of different types of adverse childhood experiences and the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in patient-internal male in a prison psychiatric institution.

vasaka review

From January 2000 to July 2002, there had been 29 cases of suicide in prisons and forensic psychiatric hospitals of the Penitentiary Service of the Province of Buenos Aires. In the year 2000, the annual suicide rate in convicts was 14 times higher than that of the general population of the province of Buenos Aires. Ninety-three per cent of the suicides were committed by males. In this study, several characteristics and conditions associated with suicide are described. Among other findings, it is reported that forensic psychiatric population is at high risk for suicide.

vasaka herbal medicine

A simple high-performance thin-layer chromatographic (HPTLC) method has been developed for the simultaneous determination of the pharmacologically important quinazoline alkaloids vasicine and vasicinone in Adhatoda vasica. The assay combines the separation and quantification of the analytes on silica gel 60 GF254 HPTLC plates with visualisation under UV and scanning at 270 and 281 nm. Using this technique, the alkaloidal content of different parts of the title plant have been determined.

himalaya vasaka online

The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) is an instrument used to assess purposeful embellishment or fabrication of memory difficulties for personal gain. Although the TOMM can be use in non-English speaking cultures, it has not been validated in Spanish-speaking Central and South American contexts.

vasaka tablets

An exhaustive review of suicide deaths data from forensic sources has led to an improvement in the under-reported statistical information. It also improves the knowledge of the method of suicide and personal characteristics.

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To investigate the biological activities of Justicia pectoralis Jacq. (Acanthaceae), an herbal medicine used in Costa Rica (CR) for the management of menopausal symptoms and dysmenorrhea.

vasaka cough syrup

Four experiments examined the role of meaning frequency (dominance) and associative strength (measured by associative norms) in the processing of ambiguous words in isolation. Participants made lexical decisions to targets words that were associates of the more frequent (dominant) or less frequent (subordinate) meaning of a homograph prime. The first two experiments investigated the role of associative strength at long SOAs (Stimulus Onset Asynchrony) (750 ms.), showing that meaning is facilitated by the targets' associative strength and not by their dominance. The last two experiments traced the role associative strength at short SOAs (250 ms), showing that the manipulation of the associative strength has no effect in the semantic priming. The conclusions are: on the one hand, semantic priming for homographs is due to associative strength manipulations at long SOAs. On the other hand, the manipulation of the associative strength has no effect when automatic processes (short SOAs) are engaged for homographs.

himalaya vasaka capsules

The results from this study will have a large impact on the practice of neuropsychology in Latin America, as this is the first normative multicenter study to create norms for the TOMM in this global region.

vasaka ayurvedic medicine

Elder people in the study area still rely on herbal remedies although the modern heath care facilities are present in the study area; thus, the indigenous plants remain important medicines in solving health problems.

vasaka capsule

A post-hoc analysis indicated that bilastine and cetirizine were similarly effective and more effective than placebo during a 4-week treatment period in patients with PAR. In addition, bilastine was shown to be safe and well-tolerated over a 1-year treatment period.

vasaka dosage

Five patients had to modify ultra-rush regimen because of mild local adverse reactions. In total, 32 adverse reactions were reported in 27 patients during the ultra-rush regimen. Seven of these events were local gastrointestinal reactions, and the remaining 17 were local reactions, mainly labial or mouth itching and burning. Eight events were systemic reactions [rhinitis (n = 3), general malaise (n = 1), general malaise and vomiting (n = 1), dizziness (n = 1), asthma (n = 1), dyspnea (n = 1)]. All adverse reactions were mild or moderate. Serious adverse events or life-threatening anaphylactic reactions were not reported.

m vasaka syrup

The current study presents the α-glucosidase inhibiting potential of J. secunda supporting its traditional medicinal use in diabetes mellitus treatment. HPTLC bioautography screening for α-glucosidase inhibitors provides a simple and effective method for the investigation of complex samples, such as plant extracts. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

vasaka himalaya drug

Focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion in MBL-null mice induced smaller infarctions, better functional outcome, and diminished C3 deposition and neutrophil infiltration than in wild-type mice. Accordingly, reconstitution of MBL-null mice with recombinant human MBL (rhMBL) enhanced brain damage. In order to investigate the clinical relevance of these experimental observations, a study of MBL2 and MASP-2 gene polymorphism rendering the lectin pathway dysfunctional was performed in 135 stroke patients. In logistic regression adjusted for age, gender and initial stroke severity, unfavourable outcome at 3 months was associated with MBL-sufficient genotype (OR 10.85, p = 0.008) and circulating MBL levels (OR 1.29, p = 0.04). Individuals carrying MBL-low genotypes (17.8%) had lower C3, C4, and CRP levels, and the proinflammatory cytokine profile was attenuated versus MBL-sufficient genotypes.

himalaya vasaka review

These results indicate that the percentage of cross-reactivity between penicillins and cephalosporins with an identical side chain is high and that this critical part of the molecule seems to be an important contributor to these results. The value is higher than previously reported data from similar studies of non-side-chain-related cephalosporins.

tulsi vasaka syrup

283 questionnaires were obtained. 98.93 % of the children had undergone or were planning to undergo circumcision. 68.2 % were circumcised. Circumcisions were most frequently performed during a vacation to the country of origin (67.04 %), especially so for the Maghreb population. The remaining circumcisions had been performed in Spain. Half of the circumcisions practiced in Spain were performed at home, and 84 % of these were performed on Gambian children.

vasaka syrup

The aqueous extract of the leaf mixtures of Aloe buettneri, Dicliptera verticillata, Hibiscus macranthus and Justicia insularis given by oral route to immature female rats, at doses of 13, 49 and 94 mg/kg per day for 15 days induced a significant increase in ovarian and uteri weight as well as serum and ovarian oestradiol. Moreover, a significant decrease in liver of aminopyrine N-demethylase activity was noticed in treated animals.

vasaka syrup ip

The conventional schedule used in specific subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) is a slow treatment that often leads to poor compliance or discontinuation of treatment. These disadvantages have led to design administration schedules that shorten the build-up phase without increasing the adverse reactions rate.

vasaka review

This is the first normative multicenter study conducted in Latin America to create norms for the BTA; this study will have an impact on the future practice of neuropsychology throughout Latin America.

vasaka herbal medicine

A delayed functional improvement due to stem cell implantation has been documented by electrophysiology, fMRI and behavioral testing. This functional improvement occurred without cells acting as a tissue replacement for the necrotic tissue after the ischemic event. Combination of disappearance of grafted cells after six months on histological sections with persistent functional recovery was interpreted as paracrine effects by the grafted stem cells being the dominant mechanism of cell activity underlying the observed functional restitution of the original activation sites. Future studies will have to investigate whether the stem cell mediated improvement reactivates the original representation target field by using original connectivity pathways or by generating/activating new ones for the stimulus.

himalaya vasaka online

This report reviews the available scientific documentation of the safety profile of build-up schedules for SCIT with Alustal Rapid® (a suspension of standardized allergen extracts adsorbed on aluminum hydroxide gel for specific immunotherapy) in the treatment of IgE-mediated rhinitis, conjunctivitis and bronchial asthma to inhaled allergens.

vasaka tablets

Significant cadmium (Cd) contamination In soil and rice has been discovered in Mae Sot, Tak province, Thailand where the rice-based agricultural systems are established in the vicinity of a zinc mine. The prolonged consumption of Cd contaminated rice has potential risks to public health and health impacts of Cd exposed populations in Mae Sot have been demonstrated. The Thai government has prohibited rice cultivation in the area as an effort to prevent further exposure. Phytoextraction, the use of plants to remove contaminants from soil, is a potential option to manage Cd-contaminated areas. However, successful phytoextraction depends on first identifying effective hyperaccumulator plants appropriate for local climatic conditions. Five sampling sites at Padaeng Zinc mine, Tak province were selected to collect plant and soil samples. Total Cd and Zn concentrations in sediments or soils were approximately 596 and 20,673 mg kg(-1) in tailing pond area, 543 and 20,272 mg kg(-1) in open pit area, 894 and 31,319 mg kg(-1) in stockpile area, 1458 and 57,012 mg kg(-1) in forest area and 64 and 2733 mg kg(-1) in Cd contaminated rice field. Among a total of 36 plant species from 16 families, four species (Chromolaena odoratum, Gynura pseudochina, Impatiens violaeflora and Justicia procumbens) could be considered as Cd hyperaccumulators since their shoot Cd concentrations exceeded 100 mg Cd kg(-1) dry mass and they showed a translocation factor >1. Only Justicia procumbens could be considered as a Zn hyperaccumulator (Zn concentration in its shoot more than 10,000 mg Zn kg(-1) dry mass with the translocation factor >1).

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The expression of the apoptotic and proliferative genes were assessed with the reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) comparing with the control gene. The inhibitory concentration (IC50) of the bacterial extract was found to be 43.97 μg/ml. With the dual staining the apoptotic cell percentage was significantly increased (P < 0.001) and with the 40μg/ml and 80μg/ml concentration the apoptotic percentages observed as 67% and 89% respectively. Similar concentrations were used for the nuclear fragmentation (PI) and the cell cycle analysis (FACS) using WinMDI 2.9 software. During cell cycle analysis the accumulation of the cells at G0-G1 stage was observed with increasing concentrations of the chi-alg encophytic bacterial extract nanoparticles. Finally the proapoptotic and proliferative gene expression for the bax, Bcl-2 and caspase was significantly regulated (P < 0.01; P < 0.05). The Bax and Caspase were up-regulated and Bcl-2 was down regulated.

vasaka cough syrup

A total of 26 271 patients in 160 public hospitals were interviewed. The mean availability of drugs was 82% for all hospitals, with the lowest availability for the Ministry of Health (SESA) hospitals (77%, with a range of 30 to 96%). Patients discharged at social security hospitals received in 97% of cases a complete prescription filling, while in SESA hospitals the average was only 56.2%, with a large variance among states (13 to 94%). The median inpatient spending was 150 pesos in national currency (1% spent over 10 000 pesos).

himalaya vasaka capsules

The analgesic activity of ethanolic extract of Justicia beddome leaves (Family: Acanthaceae) was evaluated in albino rats using Eddy's hot plate method. The extract at 50 and 100 mg/ kg, (i.p), showed significant analgesic activity at 90 minutes of administration. The analgesic effect of the extract was comparable to that of morphine sulphate.

vasaka ayurvedic medicine

The anticonvulsant activity of the methanolic extract of Justicia extensa (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg, p.o.) was assessed in strychnine-induced (STR) and picrotoxin-induced (PCT) convulsion models in mice. Diazepam (1 mg/kg) and phenobarbitone (2 mg/kg) were used as reference drugs respectively.

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Average cTnT levels measured by a highly sensitive assay in postmortem serum were markedly higher than clinical serum levels. Moreover, similar results, higher cTnT levels in postmortem pericardial fluid, were obtained when compared to levels found in pericardial fluid taken from two living patients during coronary artery bypass surgery. cTnT levels in both postmortem fluids remained stable for up to 34 h after death. No differences in cTnT levels in either postmortem fluid by sex and age were detected. Levels of cTnT found in pericardial fluid in the other natural deaths group were significantly lower than the cTnT levels found in that postmortem fluid from any of the other causes of death groups.

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vasaka tablets 2016-09-01

Ethnomedicines are used by hunters for themselves buy vasaka and their hunting dogs in Trinidad. Plants are used for snakebites, scorpion stings, for injuries and mange of dogs and to facilitate hunting success.

m vasaka syrup 2017-12-08

Traditional herbal remedies still form an integral part of South African culture, hence necessitating reports on the scientific rationale for their uses. Organic and aqueous extracts from 16 nutritive plants found in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa were screened for angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity using a fluorometric enzyme assay. A plant was considered to have potential antihypertensive properties if it inhibited the ACE enzyme and thus the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II by greater than 50%. Eight of the 16 plants screened demonstrated ACE inhibitory activity and satisfied these criteria. These eight plants were then subjected to a gelatin salt block test for tannins to show that the ACE inhibitory activities were not due to the presence of tannins, as tannins also inhibit ACE activity. The plants that showed ACE inhibitory activity were buy vasaka Amaranthus dubius, Amaranthus hybridus, Asystasia gangetica, Galinsoga parviflora, Justicia flava, Oxygonum sinuatum, Physalis viscosa, and Tulbaghia violacea. T. violacea in particular shows promise with regards to ACE inhibition as in vivo administration of this extract showed only a 2.2% increase in maximum mean arterial pressure when compared to the 14.5% increase observed in the control group after co-administration with exogenous Ang I.

vasaka himalaya drug 2017-01-22

Information about ethnomedicinal plants used by traditional healers in Tripura buy vasaka , India is very much limited. As there is rapid erosion of traditional knowledge in the state, needs has arisen to document the diversity of medicinal plants, their preparation and associated diseases.

vasaka syrup ip 2017-02-09

We sought to assess the psychometric properties of the Satisfaction Scale for Patients Receiving Allergen Immunotherapy (ESPIA buy vasaka ) questionnaire so as to determine the satisfaction of patients receiving AIT treatment.

himalaya vasaka review 2016-01-28

T2*-weighted buy vasaka MRI allows the detection of secondary damage in the thalamus after MCAO. Iron accumulation in the thalamus is mediated by HO-1 expression in reactive microglia.

vasaka review 2016-06-05

The greatly diversified locomotor behaviors in the Hominoidea impose different mechanical requirements in the upper limb of each species. As forearm rotation has a major role in locomotion, the skeletal structures involved in this movement may display differences among taxa that reflect functional adaptations. To test this buy vasaka , we use a biomechanical model that quantifies the rotatory capacity of pronator teres (rotational efficiency) from skeletal measurements. Using a large sample of hominoids, we aim to identify the morphological adaptations that confer differences in the mechanics of forearm motion and to assess the functional advantage of these adaptations. Forearm positions along the pronation-supination range where rotational efficiency is maximal depend on the orientation of the humeral medial epicondyle and differ among taxa. Our results indicate that these are related to locomotor mode. Knuckle-walkers exhibit a medial epicondyle more posteriorly directed, which, in elbow angles close to extension, causes rotational efficiency to be maximal in pronated positions of the forearm. Species with a significant amount of arboreal locomotion, such as vertical climbing, i.e., Pongo spp., Pan troglodytes and Gorilla gorilla, display more proximally oriented epicondyles, which, in elbow flexion, leads to maximum rotational efficiencies in supinated positions of the forearm. Hylobatidae, with the less posteriorly and proximally oriented epicondyle, show their maximum rotational efficiencies closer to the forearm neutral position throughout most of the flexion-extension range, which may be linked to brachiation in this taxon. In humans, the epicondylar orientation and thus the positions of the maximum rotational efficiencies fall between arboreal and terrestrial hominoids. This may be related to the enhanced manipulative skills of the upper limb. In conclusion, the current analysis indicates that the orientation of the humeral medial epicondyle is linked to the locomotor habits of extant hominoids and therefore can be used for locomotor inferences in fossil taxa.

himalaya vasaka online 2017-02-21

Temporary disability is the condition that workers face when, as the result of illness (common or professional) or accident (work-related or not), they are temporarily prevented from performing their work and require health care. The management of temporary disability is a medical act that buy vasaka involves (in addition to a complex clinical assessment) obvious social, occupational and financial connotations and requires continuing medical follow-up from doctors, as well as responses to medical-legal conflicts. The regulatory framework on the subject is extensive in the Spanish setting and highly diverse in the European setting. Beyond the regulatory framework, the repercussions of temporary disability are self-evident at all levels. Although determining temporary disability is a common medical act for practicing physicians, it is not exempt from risks or difficulties arising from the assessment itself and the characteristics of practicing medical care. Established medical-legal conflicts include the processing of health data and the requirements for transferring information related to workers' temporary disability to their company's medical services. The interest and usefulness demonstrated by the data obtained from forensic medicine for public health require the incorporation of these data into general healthcare information, as it could be essential to the surveillance of worker health. The recommendations established by medical societies, as good practice guidelines, are especially useful in this type of conflict.

vasaka syrup 2016-09-18

Zinc nanoparticles were synthesized using aqueous leaf extract of Justicia adhatoda L. The characterization of nanoparticles was done by ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy (AFM), and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM). The characteristic absorption peak of the UV spectrum was recorded at 379 nm. The FTIR data revealed the possible biomolecules involved in bioreduction and capping of zinc nanoparticles for efficient stabilization. AFM and HR-TEM images have shown that the size of zinc nanoparticles ranges from 55 to 83 nm and they are spherical in shape. The biogenic zinc nanoparticles were evaluated for their toxic effect on mitotic chromosomes of Allium cepa as a model system. Experiments were conducted in triplicate to assay the effect of 25, 50, 75, and 100 % of zinc nanoparticles on mitotic chromosomes at an interval of 6 h duration for 24 h. The investigation revealed that the mitotic index (MI) was decreased with increased concentration of zinc nanoparticles and exposure duration. The results revealed that zinc nanoparticles have induced abnormalities like anaphase bridge formation, diagonal anaphase, C-metaphase, sticky metaphase, laggards, and buy vasaka sticky anaphase at different percentages and times of exposure. It is evident from the observation that mitotic cell division becomes abortive at 100 % treatment of zinc nanoparticles.

vasaka cough syrup 2017-01-31

Vertebral artery removing constitutes a significant forensic pathology challenge. Dissection techniques during head-neck autopsy are based on anterior approach, a difficult buy vasaka method, which is unable to assess the transverse part of the artery. This work presents an original and simple method for dissecting vertebral arteries by a posterior approach, opening the vertebroarterial canal through the spinal canal without any special equipment. Once the spinal cord is removed, the transversarium foramens are opened by an internal cut at the pedicle and an external cut at the transverse process. This enables us to visualize vertebral arteries in its entirety. The method improves both the examination of the upper extracranial segment of the vertebral artery and the neuropathological study when arterial injury is suspected. Applying this method routinely is both feasible and useful in suspected cases of vertebral artery trauma and could contribute to assess more precisely the actual incidence of this injury.

vasaka dosage 2017-01-05

A new amide of threo-gamma-hydroxyglutamic acid, justiciamide, was isolated from Justicia ghiesbreghtiana and shown to be (-)-N-(2-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-(2 S,4 S)-gamma-hydroxyglutamic acid. Justiciamide is the first buy vasaka amide of an uncommon amino acid found in this genus.

himalaya vasaka capsules 2016-02-15

This article reviews the concept of serial crime, including murder as well as any action for the purpose of inflicting bodily harm upon any person. It characterizes three types of buy vasaka multi-murderers: serial killers, mass murderers, and spree killers. These offenders often have a specific (ritual) behavior that is idiosyncratic and repeated on each crime, which allows the psychological profiling of the murderer. Examples, a psychopathological background, and a description of both their criminal behavior and dynamics are provided for each of these criminals. They are further classified according to their different motivations: psychotic, prophetic or enlightened, pleasure, secondary or pecuniary profits, power or control. Finally, the author shares his personal experience over 20 years in the assessment of sexual offenders.

tulsi vasaka syrup 2017-06-22

An unusual secolignan buy vasaka glycoside, juspurpurin (1), and a new arylnaphthalene glycoside, justalakonin (2), together with eight known lignans were isolated from the whole plants of Justicia purpurea. Compound 1 is the first glycoside of a rare group of secolignans. The structures of the new compounds 1 and 2 were established using 1D and 2D NMR ((1)H-(1)H COSY, HMQC, and HMBC) spectral data and by chemical transformations.

vasaka drug 2015-06-04

Cerebral ischemia activates ERK and Akt pathways. We studied whether these activations were affected by treatment with the protective growth factor transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha), and whether they were mediated through N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. The middle cerebral artery was occluded in rats and signaling was studied 1 h later. Noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801 was injected i.p. before the occlusion, whereas in other rats TGF-alpha was given intraventricularly before and after occlusion. Ischemia caused ERK phosphorylation in the nucleus, localized in the endothelium and neurons. Phosphorylation of ERK was prevented by TGF-alpha, but it was enhanced in the nucleus and cytoplasm by Amoxil 500 Mg MK-801. Also, MK-801 but not TGF-alpha increased p-Akt. Results suggest that preventing ERK activation is related to the protective effect of TGF-alpha, whereas the protective effect of MK-801 is associated with activation of pro-survival Akt. While results support that NMDA receptor signaling precludes Akt activation, we did not find evidence to support that it underlies ischemia-induced ERK phosphorylation. This study illustrates that neuroprotection results from a fine balance between death and survival signaling pathways.

vasaka herbal medicine 2016-04-28

Acute toxicity (24 h) and general behavior in mice of a lignan from Justicia hyssopifolia, a beta-D-glucoside (elenoside), was studied, and the cytotoxic activity was performed. Elenoside (arylnaphthalene lignan) in mice showed a moderate toxicity order (305 mg/kg) and central depressive properties at doses of 25, 50, and Diamox Max Dose 100 mg/kg. It also displayed cytotoxic activity in a range of concentration of 10(-5)-10(-4) M when studied in the human tumor cell line panel of the US National Cancer Institute (NCI). The results indicated that elenoside has central depressant effects, and the cytotoxic activity of elenoside suggests that this compound and its genin derivatives merit further investigation as antitumoral drugs.

vasaka capsule 2015-08-21

The title compound, C(16)H(13)N(3), isolated from Justicia secunda (Acanthaceae), comprises two molecules (which differ slightly in conformation) in the asymmetric unit of space group P-1. Intermolecular N(amino)-H.N(pyrm) interactions (N(pyrm) is a pyrimidine ring N atom) involve only one of the two donor amino H atoms and pyrimidine N atoms per molecule, forming dimeric units via R(2)(2)(8) rings, with N.N distances of 3.058 (2) and 3.106 (3) A, and N-H.N angles of 172.7 (18) and 175.8 (17) degrees. Zovirax Max Dose The dimers are linked by C-H.pi(arene) contacts, with an H.centroid distance of 2.77 A and a C-H.centroid angle of 141 degrees.

vasaka ayurvedic medicine 2016-05-14

There were a total of 202 HIV infected prison inmates, 83.2% of whom were on ART. An undetectable viral load (VL) was observed in 80.4% of treated patients. The large majority (86.1%) met the guidelines, and 42.9% of non-compliance to guidelines was because the Depakote Overdose patients refused ART. More undetectable VL (P=.001; ORA: 4,30, 95%CI: 1,85 to 10.0) was found in those patients following the guidelines.

vasaka tablets 2016-06-09

This is the first normative multicenter study conducted in Latin America to generate norms for the BNT; this study will have substantial repercussions Asacol 800 Prices for the practice of neuropsychology throughout the global region.

m vasaka syrup 2015-05-26

Justicia gendarussa Burm (Acanthaceae) is a plant used to Coumadin 3mg Tablet treat inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. However, the mechanism involved in the anti-inflammatory properties of this plant has not been studied well.

vasaka himalaya drug 2015-08-14

Short tandem repeats (STRs) of the combined DNA index system (CODIS) are probably the most employed markers for human identification purposes. STR databases generated to interpret DNA profiles are also helpful for anthropological purposes. In this work, we report admixture, population structure, and genetic relationships of Mexican Mestizos with respect to Latin American and Caribbean populations based on 13 CODIS-STRs. In addition, new STR population data were included from Tijuana, Baja California (Northwest, Mexico), which represents an interesting case of elevated genetic flow as a bordering city with the USA. Inter-population analyses included CODIS-STR data from 11 Mexican Mestizo, 12 Latin American and four Caribbean populations, in addition to European, Amerindian, and African genetic pools as ancestral references. We report allele frequencies and statistical parameters of forensic interest (PD, PE, Het, PIC, typical PI), for 15 STRs in Tijuana, Baja California. This Mexican border city was peculiar by the increase of African ancestry, and by presenting three STRs in Hardy-Weinberg Zocor Maximum Dosage disequilibrium, probably explained by recurrent gene flow. The Amerindian ancestry in Central and Southeast of Mexico was the greatest in Latin America (50.9-68.6%), only comparable with the North of Central America and Ecuador (48.8-56.4%), whereas the European ancestry was prevalent in South America (66.7-75%). The African ancestry in Mexico was the smallest (2.2-6.3%) in Latin America (≥ 2.6%), particularly regarding Brazil (21%), Honduras (62%), and the Caribbean (43.2-65.2%). CODIS-STRs allowed detecting significant population structure in Latin America based on greater presence of European, Amerindian, and African ancestries in Central/South America, Mexican Mestizos, and the Caribbean, respectively.

vasaka syrup ip 2016-03-17

We evaluated the antidepressant-like effect of kaempferitrin (Km) isolated from the plant Justicia spicigera (Asteraceae), which is used in traditional medicine for relieving emotional disorders, such as "la tristeza" (sadness or dysthymia) and "el humor" (mood changes). The actions of Km were evaluated in a forced swimming test (FST) and a suspension tail test (TST) in mice. We explored the involvement of the serotonergic system and the hypothalamic-hypophysis-adrenal axis (HPA) in the antidepressant-like effect of Km. To evaluate nonspecific effects of Km on general activity, the open field test (OFT) was performed. Km at 5, 10, and 20 mg/kg induced an antidepressant-like effect. Sub-effective dose of Km (1 mg/kg) produced a synergistic effect with imipramine (6.25 mg/kg) and fluoxetine (10 mg/kg) but not with desipramine (3.12 mg/kg). Pretreatment with p-chlorophenylalanine methyl ester (PCPA), a serotonin synthesis inhibitor, N-{2-(4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl}-N-(2-pyridinyl)cyclohexecarboxamide (WAY-100635), a selective 5-HT1A Omnicef Dosage Peds receptor antagonist, and 8OH-DPAT, a selective 5-HT1A agonist, but not pindolol (10 mg/kg) blocked the anti- immobility effect induced by Km. Taken together, these results indicate that the antidepressant-like effect of Km is related to the serotonergic system, principally 5-HT1A. This effect was not related to changes in locomotor activity.

himalaya vasaka review 2017-12-26

Good control of allergic rhinitis (AR) in children is desirable because it is associated with diseases such as asthma. The aim of this analysis of the PETRA study was to characterise its diagnosis and treatment in Spanish children.

vasaka review 2016-03-06

The results should be interpreted with caution, but they suggest that physicians who are assigned to work in the places type "C" (where they must care for patients in a solitary manner and at night) during the year of social service in Mexico have a significant risk of being attacked.

himalaya vasaka online 2016-02-10

The cross-reactivity between penicillins and cephalosporins can be influenced by different factors, which are not all well known. The chemical structure of the side chain may contribute to the cross-reactivity.

vasaka syrup 2016-03-29

To evaluate the characteristics of Staloral, an allergen extract produced by Stallergenes (Antony, France) in terms of practical administration, efficacy, safety and mechanism of action.

vasaka cough syrup 2017-01-20

The sample consisted of 3,977 healthy adults who were recruited from Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and, Puerto Rico. Each subject was administered the ROCF as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. A standardized five-step statistical procedure was used to generate the norms.

vasaka dosage 2015-03-13

To generate normative data for the Verbal Fluency Tests across 11 countries in Latin America, with country-specific adjustments for gender, age, and education, where appropriate.

himalaya vasaka capsules 2017-02-28

The mean percentage of non-reported cases in the period was 16.2%, with a minimum percentage of 2.2% in 2005 and a maximum of 26.8% in 2009. The crude mortality rate by suicide rose from 6.6 to 7.9 per 100,000 inhabitants once forensic data were incorporated. Small differences were detected between the socio-demographic profile of the suicide initially reported and the final one. Supplementary information was obtained on the suicide method, which revealed a significant increase in poisoning and suicides involving trains.

tulsi vasaka syrup 2016-12-29

Growth factors promote cell growth and survival and protect the brain from developing injury after ischemia. In this article, the authors examined whether transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) was protective in transient focal ischemia and whether alteration of cerebral circulation was involved. Rats received intraventricular TGF-alpha (50 ng, either split into 2 doses given 30 minutes before and 30 minutes after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), or 1 dose given 30 minutes after MCAO) or vehicle. Rats were subjected to 1-hour intraluminal MCAO and cerebral blood flow was recorded continuously by laser-Doppler flowmetry. Infarct volume was measured 1 and 4 days later. The effects of TGF-alpha on arterial tone were assessed in isolated rabbit basilar and common carotid arteries. Transforming growth factor-alpha before and after ischemia reduced infarct volume by 70% at 1 day and 50% at 4 days. Transforming growth factor-alpha given only after ischemia also did reduce infarct volume by 70% at 1 day and 80% at 4 days. The protective effect was more marked in cortex than in striatum. Transforming growth factor-alpha did not change cortical microvascular perfusion and did not modify arterial passive tone nor agonist-induced active tone. It can be concluded that TGF-alpha reduces infarct volume, even when the factor is exclusively administered at reperfusion, and that this effect is not mediated by changes in microvascular perfusion or cerebral arteries. It is therefore suggested that TGF-alpha has a protective effect against neuronal cell death after transient focal ischemia.

vasaka drug 2017-03-08

Antibacterial activity in 51 extracts from 29 plant species currently used in traditional medicine in Trinidad and the neighbouring Caribbean islands was tested for by the agar dilution streak method using six bacteria: Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Salmonella tophimurium, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Enterococcus faecalis. The extracts from eight of the plants tested showed significant activity against one or more micro-organisms and the most susceptible bacterium was Staphylococcus aureus. In the bioassays for toxicity towards the Aedes aegypti mosquito the most effective plant extracts were from Justicia pectoralis, Manihot utilissima and Stachytarpheta jamaicensis.

vasaka herbal medicine 2015-07-13

The sample consisted of 3,977 healthy adults who were recruited from Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and, Puerto Rico. Each subject was administered the Verbal Fluency Test as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. A standardized five-step statistical procedure was used to generate the norms.